What are palm oil and palm kernel oil?
Palm oil and palm kernel fat are obtained from the fruits of the oil palm, which is mainly cultivated in Malaysia and Indonesia. Palm oil is extracted from the flesh of the fruits and palm kernel oil from the seeds. Palm oil and palm kernel oil are used in foods, but also in the cosmetic and chemical industry (e.g. tensides) and also for energy production (biofuel, combined heat and power plants).
Why do we use palm oil in baked goods?
Palm oil possesses exceptional technological properties for use in baked goods that can be achieved through almost no other fat. Palm oil harmonises very well with cocoa butter, which means that for chocolate-coated products the formation of a fat bloom (a white coating that forms on chocolate when it is stored) is greatly decelerated. Thanks to its optimal melting behaviour, palm oil is also excellent for producing cream fillings. However, palm oil is not just used in foods, but also for the manufacture of cosmetics, tensides or for energy production.
Why is palm oil coming under criticism?
The consumption of palm oil has substantially increased in recent years as a result of the growing demand worldwide. This is leading to the construction of new palm oil plantations, which mostly involves the logging of rain forests and the drainage of peat swamps. Human rights are often infringed and the habitats of many species of animals and plants are being destroyed. It is therefore important to use sustainably grown palm oil.
Sustainable certification – what is the RSPO?
The RSPO (Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil) is a charitable association of a wide variety of organisations, ranging from producers and traders to environmental and nature conservation organisations. Since it was founded in 2004, the RSPO has been committed to the sustainable growing and use of palm oil and palm kernel oil. The RSPO has developed a minimum standard with which plantations can be certified. This includes for example the following principles: Compliance with statutory regulations, including rights of ownership and land use
- Responsible development of new cultivation areas (ban on the clearance of primary forest)
- Measures to protect the environment and biodiversity
- Use of best practice by farmers and processers
- Fair working conditions and appropriate pay
- Inspection of plantations by independent, authorised auditors.
The RSPO distinguishes 4 models depending on the form of transport and processing.
What RSPO supply chain models are there?
Book&Claim (Greenpalm): Sustainable cultivation is supported by the purchase of tradable certificates corresponding to a certain quantity of certified palm fat. By purchasing I.S. Certificates (independent smallholders) it is possible to support farmes. Griesson - de Beukelaer buys I.S. Certificates for ingredients not yet available as mass balance or segregation e.g. additives or flavourings.
Mass Balance: Under the mass balance concept, the palm fat or palm kernel fat is grown sustainably but during the course of the supply chain it is mixed with conventional goods in order to structure the further transport and processing cost-effectively. Thus the end product only contains a proportion of sustainably grown palm fat and palm kernel fat.
Segregation: Under the segregation concept, the sustainably grown palm fat or palm kernel fat is separated from the conventional goods at all stages of the supply chain, and is thus also physically contained in the product.
Identity Preserved: The sustainably grown palm fat or palm kernel fat comes from only one plantation or mill, and is physically separated from the conventional goods throughout the supply chain.
What aims is Griesson - de Beukelaer pursuing by using sustainable palm oil?
Starting with the RSPO membership in 2010 Griesson-de Beukelaer has successively switched its palm(kernel) oil ingredients to sustainable cultivation. Since the end of 2015 we have been using 100% RSPO-certified palm(kernel) oil (incl. derivates e.g. additives); where possible from sustainable, segregated cultivation. In 2016 already 67% of all palm(kernel) oil ingredients comply with the segregation model. Our goal is to increase the segregation volume continuously. As a member of the FONAP we are engaged to implement additional criteria in the supply chain, which are stronger than the requirements of the RSPO: stop of cultivation on peet land, ban of critical pesticides or the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions.
We state on our packaging which supply model has been used by means of the RSPO trademark (see below).
Which supply chain models does Griesson - de Beukelaer use?
In future Griesson - de Beukelaer will state the supply chain model it has used in its products containing palm fat or palm kernel fat. We use the mass balance and segregation concepts.
RSPO trademark GEMISCHT/MIXED
Products with the RSPO trademark “GEMISCHT/MIXED” contain more than 95% palm fat or palm kernel fat in accordance with the mass balance concept.
RSPO trademark ZERTIFIZIERT/CERTIFIED
Products with the RSPO trademark “ZERTIFIZIERT/CERTIFIED” contain more than 95% palm fat or palm kernel fat in accordance with the segregation concept.